Ten Commandments - The Sabbath
Are we to obey all ten, or just nine?
#4 - Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six
days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of
the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work.
- I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the
house of slavery.
3 - You shall have no other
gods before Me.
4-6 - You shall not make for yourself
an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or
in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I,
the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the
children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing
loving-kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
- You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will
not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.
- Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all
your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall
not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant
or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. For in six days the Lord
made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on
the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
- Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land
which the Lord your God gives you.
13 - You shall
14 - You shall not commit adultery.
- You shall not steal.
16 - You shall not bear false
witness against your neighbor.
17 -You shall not covet
your neighbors house; you shall not covet your neighbors wife or his
male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs
to your neighbor.
Christians generally do not observe
the Sabbath. Why not? It is a part of the Ten Commandments. If we are to keep
God's moral law, should we not keep all of the moral law?
What is the moral
The Ten Commandments are not arbitrary laws. They
describe the character of God. We are created in the image of God,and as bearers
of the image of God we are to have the moral character of God. That means we are
to obey the Ten Commandments... except for observing the Sabbath.
rest of story
The Ten Commandments were given to the people of
Israel, through Moses, following their exodus from captivity in Egypt. Basically
the deal was, if you obey me, I'll bless you... you will join me for eternity.
In today's words, obey me and you'll go to heaven.
And that still
applies today. If you perfectly obey God... if you perfectly have the
moral character of God... you will go to heaven.
What about the Sabbath?
The purpose of the Sabbath is given in Exodus 31:16-17
the sons of Israel shall observe the Sabbath, to celebrate the Sabbath throughout
their generations as a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between Me and the sons
of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the
seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.
20:12 tells us a little more:
Also I gave
them My Sabbaths to be a sign between Me and them, that they might know that I
am the Lord who sanctifies them.
Sabbath was a sign that you were agreeing to the Mosaic covenant. Deuteronomy
5:15 adds to that:
You shall remember
that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you
out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your
God commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.
MacArthur states: "The Sabbath was a reminder of creation. The Sabbath
was to remind the people of Israel that they had forfeited paradise, that man
had forfeited paradise. The law said to them, Obey this law and you will
be blessed. God said that repeatedly, Obey this law and you will be
blessed, to show them that righteous behavior would restore a taste of Edens
paradise. Righteous behavior would also point to a future, a future kingdom when
paradise would be regained.
So the Sabbath, every Sabbath that went
by when they rested, they were reminded of a perfect creation, a paradise of God
dominated by righteousness, which had been forfeited by sin and could only be
regained again by righteousness.
And they therefore were to consider
the importance of obeying the ten commandments. They were to consider the importance
on that seventh day of examining their own lives and looking at how they were
measuring up against the law of God. Recognizing sin was the objective, and bringing
them to repentance."
Why don't we observe the Sabbath now?
as the rainbow is the sign of the Noahic Covenant, the Sabbath is the sign of
the Mosaic Covenant. But, we are no longer under the Mosaic Covenant... we are
under the New Covenant of grace.
grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the
gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast. - Ephesians
Jesus now provides a permanent Sabbath rest for
those who are trusting Him as their Savior.
no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival
or a new moon or a Sabbath daythings which are a mere shadow of what is
to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. - Colossians 2:16-17
of what Jesus did on the cross, taking the full wrath of God on Himself as the
just penalty for our sin, we can rest... we a free from sin. Just as the exodus
freed the Israelites from slavery in Egypt... slavery with no rest... so Jesus
has freed us from slavery to sin.
When the Mosaic
Law was given, Israel was to obey that law perfectly, and the Sabbath was the
sign of that covenant. But the law cannot save us, because we unable to live in
obedience to the law. We all have sinned (broken God's law)... none of us is righteous,
But... those who have repented and are trusting Jesus Christ as
having paid the penalty they have earned for disobeying God... paid it in full...
are no longer under the law, but are covered by the grace of God. So we are no
longer under the Mosaic covenant. However, all of the Mosaic laws, except the
Sabbath, have been reiterated in the New Testament. They describe the character
of God, and they describe who we are to be. So, we are still commanded to live
in obedience to God's moral law... the Ten Commandments... except for keeping
Return To: Where do our moral
values come from?
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humanist's source of morality