The Bible is Wrong About History
there errors in Daniel? We'll find out.
HUMANIST'S ACCUSATIONS: The book of Daniel describes events that supposedly
happened during the Babylonian captivity of the Jews. The fifth chapter states
that Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian king, was succeeded on the throne by his son
Belshazzar. But historians tell us Belshazzar was not the son of Nebuchadnezzar
and was never king.
The book of Daniel also
says one Darius the Mede captured Babylon in the sixth century B.C.E.
In contrast, historians know that Cyrus of Persia took Babylon.
the humanists are stating things that simple are not true.
is the story of Belshazzar's feast, the night that Babylon fell to Medo-Persia.
Here is the scripture the humanists are referring to:
Belshazzar tasted the wine, he gave orders to bring the gold and silver vessels
which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem,
so that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines might drink from
them. - Daniel 5:2
Here is a list of Babylonian kings
who ruled during Daniel's lifetime:
co-ruled with his son Belshazzar. The source, outside of the Bible, from which
we learn about Nabonidus and Belshazzar is the Nabonidus Chronicle. It describes
Belshazzar as a grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, moist likely through his mother's
side of the family.
Why do I say that?
During this feast the
disembodied fingers of a hand wrote on the wall. But no one could read the writing.
The king was terrified and none of his advisors knew what to do. At that moment
"the queen," most likely the queen mother, Belshazzar's mother... no
one else could just walk in on the king like that... the queen walks in. Here
the rest of the story as told in Daniel 5:10-11
queen entered the banquet hall because of the words of the king and his nobles;
the queen spoke and said, O king, live forever! Do not let your thoughts
alarm you or your face be pale. There is a man in your kingdom in whom is a spirit
of the holy gods; and in the days of your father, illumination, insight and wisdom
like the wisdom of the gods were found in him. And King Nebuchadnezzar, your father,
your father the king, appointed him chief of the magicians, conjurers, Chaldeans
Daniel was very close to king Nebuchadnezzar.
But, when Nebuchadnezzar died Daniel went into obscurity. He was forgotten. Now...
36 years later Daniel is very old and someone remembers him... someone who knew
Daniel personally... that would have to be someone in the royal family... a daughter
of Nebuchadnezzar and the mother of Belshazzar.
Encyclopedia Britannica writes:
he is referred to in the Book of Daniel as the son of Nebuchadrezzar, the Babylonian
inscriptions indicate that he was in fact the eldest son of Nabonidus, who was
king of Babylon from 555 to 539, and of Nitocris, who was perhaps a daughter of
Nebuchadrezzar. When Nabonidus went into exile (550), he entrusted Belshazzar
with the throne and the major part of his army.
cultures, as well as some cultures today, the term "son of" may be applied
to any male descendent... both direct sons and grandsons.
the Mede and Cyrus the Persian
The city of Babylon, and thus the Babylonian
empire was defeated on the night of Belshazzar feast. The Medo-Persians were at
the gates of Babylon, but the king felt secure. The city walls were high and so
thick that no one could breach those walls. There was no way in. And Belshazzar
was right... there was no way through the walls... but the Medo-Persians went
The city's water supply was a river. The huge walls spanned
the river, closing off that way into the city. But, the Medo-Persians damned the
river, drying it up and allowing their army to walk into the city and conquer
it without a battle.
At the time of Babylon's fall the Persians,
under Cyrus, had come to dominate the Medo-Persian Empire. Soon it would be simply
the Persian Empire, with the Medes serving the Persians. The capture of Babylon
was accomplished by the leader of the Medes, Darius. But, as is still true today,
the credit went to the top man, Cyrus... even though he was not present when Babylon
fell. Daniel was there and saw Darius conquer the city. That's why he writes that
Darius the Mede conquered Babylon. History, as it always does, gives credit to
the top leader of the empire, Cyrus.
One you know the
rest of the story, you can see there is no error in the way the Bible records
history in the book of Daniel.
Next we go to the New Testament:
and the New Testament
the New Testament, the second chapter of Luke asserts that shortly before the
birth of Jesus, the emperor Augustus ordered a census throughout the Roman world.
Luke claims that every person had to travel to the town of his ancestors for the
census to be taken. He identifies the census as the reason for Joseph and Mary
traveling from Nazareth to Bethlehem, where Jesus is said to have been born.
his book Gospel Fictions, Randall Helms says this type of census was never taken
in the history of the Roman Empire. He points out its ridiculous to think
the practical Romans would require millions of people to travel enormous distances
to towns of long-deceased ancestors merely to sign a tax form.
Likewise, in Asimovs Guide to the Bible, Isaac Asimov affirms that the Romans
would certainly arrange no such census.
Helms, Randal, Gospel Fictions (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1989), pp. 59, 60.
Asimov, Isaac, Asimovs Guide to the Bible (New York: Avenel Books, 1981),
The humanists now move on to searching for historical errors in
the New Testament. Click here to
learn the truth...